Evolution Of Urdu Language

Evolution Of Urdu Language

To understand the specific language we need to understand what precisely language means. For a layman I would call language a medium to communicate with people. Comprehensively language is not just the trade of words rather it is communication of feelings, expressions, and beliefs. This may be in form of words, symbols, signs, signals, compositions of music notes and even obscure or clear sounds.

History of languages

History of language starts from the start of evolution of mankind. In several instances the modes of communication among the many mankind has been different. Starting from the thought process to the molding words to specific refers to language. It includes the words which might be unsaid and expressed by actions. Subsequently history of languages might be studied intimately by the research of nations and tribes. There was a powerful impact of languages on the cultural conduct of countries everywhere in the world. Languages have advanced ever because the first sign of life on earth. About 200000 years ago different modes of communication had been transformed in vocalization or speech. Later about 30000 years ago mankind developed symbols. This additional revolutionized into writing about 7000 years ago.

Evolution of languages

"It's perfectly safe to attribute this development [of innate language structures] to "natural choice", as long as we realize that there is no such thing as a substance to this assertion, that it quantities to nothing more than a belief that there's some naturalistic explanation for these phenomena." [Noam Chomsky, Language and Mind, 1972, p. 97]

We cannot hint back in time that a certain language was abruptly adapted or created. Languages were formed and altered gradually. Languages have quickly changed as well. The greatest reason of change in language is because of socialization and intersection. Strongly interactive cultures show fast changes. The cultures which are isolated in a tribe or in a geographical space show a slow change in language. If there is a lack of interplay there is a lack of adaptation of values and behaviors from different cultures.

Language and tradition

If man would not have been interacting withother civilizations and culture there would haven't any development of language. Language shouldn't be the invention of isolation; rather it is the creation of socialization. For every creating, developed or grown culture there was an evolution likely.

Urdu language

The story of Urdu starts from the occasions of Mughals. The armies of the Mughals belonged to different ethnic backgrounds having totally different dialects. Their languages developed into a molded form of a new language which we call Urdu within the present time. Urdu is a derivative of a number of languages which had been spoken by the army of the Mughals. These soldiers have been:

Turkish
Arabs
Pathans
Balochi
Afghans
Persians
Rajputs
Jats
The word Urdu is derived from a Turkish word which means army. This is the reason we call Urdu the language of army or lashkari zuban.

Evolution of Urdu Language

The society in which a language is spoken decides its evolution, development and recognition. Evolution in the language Urdu has resulted because of the interaction of various dialects, invasions and conquests. Urdu was advanced in the following phases:

• The indo- Aryan family language includes Urdu as well. The historic background of this rich language originates from Saur Senic Prakrit. Sanskrit was advanced to form Saur Senic Prakrit. Later Saur Senic Prakrit was influenced by a number of Hindi dialects.

• Then comes the evolutionary part, this was affected by the literature of Insha. Then it started to take the form a picture of a new language that we call Urdu today. This was the time when Urdu and Hindi was differentiated. The cultural impact was that the Muslims within the subcontinent either spoke Urdu or Farsi and the Hindus spoke Hindi (Khari Boli and Devanagari). There was a transparent distinction within the languages as Urdu had certain words of Arabic and Persian in it which Sanskrit did not have.

• After the invasion of the Muslims within the subcontinent Persian was made the official language of the subcontinent. Later Urdu became the official language of the states dominated by Mughals. This laid a strong impact on the culture of India and additional revolutionized the language to offer a new form.

Urdu started to evolve after 1193 AD.
• Invaders of the subcontinent effected Urdu language. These have been Arabs, Persian and Turks. Urdu has Persian words in it.

• Later the British rule in the subcontinent words of English also grew to become a part of it. This change was not that apparent as a result of clash with their rule.

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